英语学习 单词

furlough的意思

furlough

英 ['fɜːləʊ] 美 ['fɝlo]
  • n. 休假;暂时解雇;放假
  • vt. 准假;暂时解雇

中文词源


furlough 休假

来自荷兰语。fur-, 同per-,完全的,-lough, 爱,许可,许假,词源同love, leave.

英文词源


furlough (n.)
1620s, vorloffe, from Dutch verlof, literally "permission," from Middle Dutch ver- "completely, for" + laf, lof "permission," from Proto-Germanic *laubo- (see leave (v.)). The -gh spelling predominated from 1770s and represents the "f" that had been pronounced at the end of the word but disappeared fairly soon thereafter in English.
furlough (v.)
1783, "grant leave of absence" (to a soldier), from furlough (n.). Of employees, "lay off or suspend temporarily," by 1940. Related: Furloughed; furloughing.

双语例句


1. This could mean a massive furlough of government workers.
这可能意味着大量的政府工作人员要暂时下岗。

来自柯林斯例句

2. I was at home on furlough.
我正休假在家。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Some soldiers went on furlough for two weeks.
有些士兵休假两周.

来自《简明英汉词典》

4. I have a furlough every three years.
我每三年休假一次.

来自《现代汉英综合大词典》

5. I suppose it was when he was here on furlough.
我猜想那是他在这里休假的时候.

来自飘(部分)