英语学习 单词

bandit的意思

bandit

英 ['bændɪt] 美 ['bændɪt]
  • n. 强盗,土匪;恶棍;敲诈者

中文词源


bandit 土匪

来自词根ban,说话,命令,词源同phone. -it, 拉丁语过去分词后缀。指被禁止入城的人,被官方宣称非法的人。

英文词源


bandit
bandit: [16] Etymologically, a bandit is someone who has been ‘banished’ or outlawed. The word was borrowed from Italian bandito, which was a nominal use of the past participle of the verb bandire ‘ban’. The source of this was Vulgar Latin *bannīre, which was formed from the borrowed Germanic base *bann- ‘proclaim’ (from which English gets ban). Meanwhile, in Old French, bannīre had produced banir, whose lengthened stem form baniss- gave English banish [14].
=> ban, banish
bandit (n.)
1590s, from Italian bandito (plural banditi) "outlaw," past participle of bandire "proscribe, banish," from Vulgar Latin *bannire "to proclaim, proscribe," from Proto-Germanic *bann (see ban (v.)). *Bannire (or its Frankish cognate *bannjan) in Old French became banir-, which, with lengthened stem, became English banish.

双语例句


1. This is real bandit country.
这是一个不折不扣的强盗横行的国家。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The bandit bared his teeth in an insolent smile.
那匪徒龇牙咧嘴地狞笑.

来自《简明英汉词典》

3. The police frustrated the bandit's attempt to rob the bank.
警方挫败了匪徒抢劫银行的企图.

来自《简明英汉词典》

4. The bandit chief surrendered himself to despair and took his own life.
匪首在绝望中自杀了.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. The bandit kicked at the legs of Jack.
那匪徒向杰克腿上踢了两脚.

来自《简明英汉词典》